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Native Nationalities
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Zhuang Nationality

        The Zhuang ethnic group is the dominant nationality in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, and also an ethnic minority group with the most population in China. The Zhuang nationality originated from the Xiou and Luoyue people of the Baiyue nationality in the ancient South China. It has been called Wuxu, Li, Liao, Tong, Buzhuang, Buliao, Buman, Buban, Buyue, Buyayi, Busha, Butu, Bulong, Budai, and so on. 

Han Nationality

        There lived 27.92 million Han people who occupied the 62.1 percent of the total population in Guangxi. Since the Qin and Han dynasties, some Han people gradually migrated from the central plain to the south of the Five Ridges to exchange and coexist with the local Baiyue ethnic people to form today’s Han people and Han culture in Guangxi. 

Yao Nationality

The Yao ethnic group is a nationality who changed their residences most frequently in China’s history. It is generally considered that the Yaos originated from savage Wuling tribes in Changsha. Since the Sui and Tang dynasties, the Yao ancestors migrated from Hunan and Guangdong provinces to Guangxi which became the main dwelling place for the Yao people till the Ming Dynasty. Now the Yaos mainly distributed in the six Yao autonomous conties: Jinxiu, Bama, Douan, Dahua, Fuchuan, and Gongcheng. There are tens of branches of Yao ethnic group, such as Pan Yao, Guoshan Yao, Dingban Yao, Hualan Yao, Baiku Yao, Landian Yao, Hong Yao and Chashan Yao. The Yaos have language without written form and its language belongs to Miao-Yao group of the Chinese-Tibetan language family. Chinese and Zhuang language are usually used by Yao people.

Miao Nationality

        The appellation of “Miao” appeared earliest in the documents before the Qin and Han dynasties, including “Three Miao” and “You Miao”. Like the Yao ethnic group, the Miao nationality has many branches, such as, Pian Miao, White Miao, Red Miao, Hua Miao, Qingshui Miao, Zaiqiang Miao and Cao Miao. After about the Song dynasty, the Miao people gradually migrated from Hunan and Guizhou provinces to the present-day Guangxi.

Dong Nationality

        The Dong people usually call themselves “Jin”, a branch of the ancient Yue tribe. In the Sui and Tang dynasties, the central government set up a “Jimi county” in the place where inhabited some ethnic minority people. Till the Qing Dynasty, the Jimi County became what is present-day “Dong”, a special term referred to the Dong nationality. The Dong people are mainly distributed in the three autonomous counties of Sanjiang, Rongshui, and Longsheng. 

Mulao Nationality

        The Mulao people call themselves “Leng” or “Jin”, but are given names of “Bujin”, “Mulao”, etc. Formed in the Ming dynasty, the Mulao people are the descendants of the ancient Baiyue tribe in south China and are ethnically related to the neighboring ethnic groups whose language belongs to the Zhuang-Dong language group. The Mulao people are one of the aboriginal ethnic groups in Guangxi, who are mainly distributed in the Luocheng Mulao Autonomous County.

Maonao Nationality


        Descended from the ancient Baiyue tribe in China, the Maonan people are mainly scattered in the Huanjiang Maonan Autonomous County in the north of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region In what is so-called the “three Nans” of Shangnan, Zhongnan and Xianan in Huanjiang County inhabit most of the Maonan people, so the county of Huanjiang has a reputation of “hometown of Maonan people”. The Maonan people maintain unique customs, such as their primitive marriage customs and multitudinous nature-worship. 

Hui Nationality

        The Hui people began to settle in Guangxi as of the Song dynasty, emigrating mainly from the provinces of Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Shaanxi, Jiangsu, Hunan, Guangdong, Yunnan. At present, the Hui people in Guangxi are mainly distributed in the cities of Guilin, Liuzhou and Nanning, with the industry and commerce as their main occupation.

Jing Nationality

        Jing ethnic group is the only ethnic minority of China living on the sea. The ancestors of the Jings emigrated from Vietnam to China in the early 16th century and first settled on the three uninhabited lands of Wutou, Wanwei, and Shanxin in the Dongxing county near Beibu Gulf. 

Yi Nationality

        Descended from the ancient Qiang tribe in China, the Yi ethnic group took tiger as their totem. The Yi people in Guangxi mainly emigrated from Yunnan and Sichuan provinces. With a population of 6.9 thousand, the Yi people are scattered over the Longlin, Napo, and Xilin, comprising the three branches of black, white, red Yis. The Yi people are occupied in mountainous farming. The Yi language belongs to the Tibetan-Myanmese language group of the Chinese-Tibetan language family and they have their own script.

Shui Nationality

        According to the historical recordings and its ancient songs, language and customs, the Shui ethnic group belongs to aborigines in Lingnan. Like the Zhuang and Dong people, the Shui group descended from the ancient Baiyue tribe in the south China and became an independent group since the Tang and Song dynasties. At present, the Shui people in Guangxi are mainly distributed in the cities of Hechi and Liuzhou.

Gelao Nationality

        The ancestors of the Gelao group were the ancient Liao people. In the historical documents in the Tang and Song dynasties, they were called “Gelao” “Geliao”, which was totally entitled “liao” because “Gelao” is an inflexion of “Liao”. The Gelao ethnic group was assumed and adopted after the founding of the People’s Republic of China. 

 
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